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Biochemistry. 2009 Aug 18;48(32):7722-31. doi: 10.1021/bi900516n.

Impact of cardiac troponin T N-terminal deletion and phosphorylation on myofilament function.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536, USA. MariusSumandea@uky.edu

Abstract

Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) is a phosphoprotein that modulates cardiac muscle contraction through its extensive and diverse interactions with neighboring thin filament proteins. Its N-terminal half is the "glue" that anchors the troponin complex to tropomyosin-actin. Until now, studies aimed at investigating the role of the N-terminal tail region have not considered the effects of phosphorylation. To understand better the regulatory role of the N-terminal tail region of phosphorylated cTnT, we investigated the functional effects of N-terminal deletion (amino acids 1-91) and phosphorylation on Ca(2+) dependence of myofilament isometric force production, isometric ATPase rate, and thin filament sliding speed. Chemomechanical profiles were assessed in detergent permeabilized fiber preparations where the native troponin (cTn) was exchanged with recombinant cTn engineered to contain modified cTnT (truncated, phosphorylated) in the presence of wild-type cTnI and cTnC. Removal of the cTnT N-terminal amino acids 1-91 (cTnT-del) enhances myofilament responsiveness to nonsaturating Ca(2+) levels (the physiological range in cardiac myocytes). However, at saturating Ca(2+) levels, there is a reduction in isometric tension and ATPase rate. On one hand, phosphorylation of cTnT-del attenuates the sensitizing effect induced by truncation of the N-terminal tail, "resetting" myofilament Ca(2+) responsiveness back to control levels. On the other hand, it impairs isometric tension development and ATPase rate. Interestingly, phosphorylation of cTnT (cTnT-P) differentially regulates tension cost (an index of cross-bridge cycling rate): increased by cTn-del-P and decreased by intact cTn-wt-P. Like the isometric fiber data, sliding speed of thin filaments regulated by cTn-del is more sensitive to Ca(2+) compared with cTn-wt. Phosphorylation of cTnT (whether cTnT-del or -wt) depresses sliding speed and is associated with Ca(2+) desensitization of thin filament sliding speed.

PMID:
19586048
DOI:
10.1021/bi900516n
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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