Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2009 Jun;6(6):1778-98. doi: 10.3390/ijerph6061778. Epub 2009 Jun 10.

Biological effects and safety in magnetic resonance imaging: a review.

Author information

1
ITENI Laboratory, CNR Institute of Clinical Physiology, Pisa, Italy. valeh@ifc.cnr.it

Abstract

Since the introduction of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) as a diagnostic technique, the number of people exposed to electromagnetic fields (EMF) has increased dramatically. In this review, based on the results of a pioneer study showing in vitro and in vivo genotoxic effects of MRI scans, we report an updated survey about the effects of non-ionizing EMF employed in MRI, relevant for patients' and workers' safety. While the whole data does not confirm a risk hypothesis, it suggests a need for further studies and prudent use in order to avoid unnecessary examinations, according to the precautionary principle.

KEYWORDS:

MRI safety; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; electromagnetic fields; genotoxic effects

PMID:
19578460
PMCID:
PMC2705217
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph6061778
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center