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Surg Innov. 2009 Sep;16(3):258-65. doi: 10.1177/1553350609339169. Epub 2009 Jul 3.

Implementation of a direct-from-recovery-room discharge pathway: a process improvement effort.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The authors describe a process improvement effort to achieve direct-from-recovery-room discharge for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients--without prior patient selection.

METHODS:

The authors developed and implemented a new pathway, and then measured the learning curve (ie, success rate over time for direct discharge) and compared patients achieving direct discharge with patients admitted after surgery.

RESULTS:

The learning curve between the first patient and steady-state performance was 56 patients. A total of 80% of patients achieved direct discharge. Directly discharged patients were younger (P<.001), had lower ASA physical status classifications (P<.005), and left the recovery room earlier in the day (P<.0001). However, elderly patients and those with high ASA scores frequently could be directly discharged from the recovery room.

CONCLUSIONS:

Through small team based rapid cycle process improvement, direct-from-recovery-room discharge of laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients can be achieved in an unselected patient population with a short learning curve.

PMID:
19578054
DOI:
10.1177/1553350609339169
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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