Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Nurs Stud. 2010 Feb;47(2):154-65. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2009.05.021. Epub 2009 Jul 4.

Person-centred interactions between nurses and patients during medication activities in an acute hospital setting: qualitative observation and interview study.

Author information

1
The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne 3181, Australia. d.bolster@alfred.org.au

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is increasing emphasis on person-centred care within the literature and the health care context. It is suggested that a person-centred approach to medication activities has the potential to improve patient experiences and outcomes.

OBJECTIVES:

This study set out to examine how nurses and patients interact with each other during medication activities in an acute care environment with an underlying philosophy of person-centred care.

DESIGN:

A qualitative approach was used comprising naturalistic observation and semi-structured interviews.

SETTING:

The study setting was an acute care ward with a collaboratively developed philosophy of person-centre care, in an Australian metropolitan hospital.

PARTICIPANTS:

Eleven nurses of varying levels of experience were recruited to participate in observations and interviews. Nurses were eligible to participate if they were employed on the study ward in a role that incorporated direct patient care, including medication activities. A stratified sampling technique ensured that nurses with a range of years of clinical experience were represented. Patients who were being cared for by participating nurses during the observation period were recruited to participate unless they met the following exclusion criteria: those less than 18 years of age, non-English speaking patients, and those who were unable to give informed consent. Twenty-five patients were observed and 16 of those agreed to be interviewed.

RESULTS:

The results of the study generated insights into the nature of interactions between nurses and patients where person-centred care is the underlying philosophy of care. Three major themes emerged from the findings: provision of individualised care, patient participation and contextual barriers to providing person-centred care. While the participating nurses valued a person-centred approach and perceived that they were conducting medication activities in a person-centred way, some nurse-patient interactions during medication activities were centred on routines rather than individualised patient assessment and management. These interactions were based on nurses' perceptions of what was important for the patient and did not provide opportunities for patient participation. Two main contextual barriers in relation to a person-centred approach to medication activities were identified as multidisciplinary communication and time constraints.

CONCLUSIONS:

While some nurse-patient interactions during medication activities were consistent with the principles of person-centred care, the study results highlighted factors that influence the nature of these interactions, and identified opportunities to improve nursing practice. To ensure person-centred care is applied to medication activities, nurses should undertake ongoing assessment of patients' needs in relation to their medications and encourage opportunities for increased patient participation.

PMID:
19577752
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2009.05.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center