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J Hazard Mater. 2009 Nov 15;171(1-3):671-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.06.053. Epub 2009 Jun 18.

Evaluation of ammonium removal using a chitosan-g-poly (acrylic acid)/rectorite hydrogel composite.

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  • 1Center for Eco-Material and Green Chemistry, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China.


This paper concerns the removal of ammonium ions (NH(4)(+)) from aqueous solution using a hydrogel composite chitosan grafted poly (acrylic acid)/rectorite prepared from in situ copolymerization. The effects of rectorite content, contact time, pH, NH(4)(+) concentration and temperature on the adsorption capacity were discussed. Langmuir, Freundlich, Tempkin and Redlich-Peterson isotherms were used to describe the experimental data. The results indicate that the adsorption equilibrium can be achieved within 3-5 min and, the hydrogel composite has a higher adsorption capacity for NH(4)(+) in a wide pH levels ranged from 4.0 to 9.0. No significant changes in the adsorption capacity are found over the temperature range studied. The adsorption mechanism of NH(4)(+) onto hydrogel composite was proposed, and the reusable ability of this hydrogel adsorbent was evaluated.

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