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Peptides. 2009 Nov;30(11):2066-70. doi: 10.1016/j.peptides.2009.06.024. Epub 2009 Jul 1.

A role for Melanin-Concentrating Hormone in learning and memory.

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1
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA 94304-5742, USA. tidis@stanford.edu

Abstract

The neurobiological substrate of learning process and persistent memory storage involves multiple brain areas. The neocortex and hippocampal formation are known as processing and storage sites for explicit memory, whereas the striatum, amygdala, neocortex and cerebellum support implicit memory. Synaptic plasticity, long-term changes in synaptic transmission efficacy and transient recruitment of intracellular signaling pathways in these brain areas have been proposed as possible mechanisms underlying short- and long-term memory retention. In addition to the classical neurotransmitters (glutamate, GABA), experimental evidence supports a role for neuropeptides in modulating memory processes. This review focuses on the role of the Melanin-Concentrating Hormone (MCH) and receptors on memory formation in animal studies. Possible mechanisms may involve direct MCH modulation of neural circuit activity that support memory storage and cognitive functions, as well as indirect effect on arousal.

PMID:
19576257
PMCID:
PMC4287368
DOI:
10.1016/j.peptides.2009.06.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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