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J Adolesc. 2010 Feb;33(1):237-40. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2009.06.001. Epub 2009 Jul 1.

Brief report: Text bullying and traditional bullying among New Zealand secondary school students.

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Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin school of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.


This descriptive study examined text and traditional bullying in New Zealand (NZ), and the relationship between text bullying and traditional bullying, and feeling unsafe at school. A self-report online survey assessed the frequency of bullying among 1169 15 year old secondary students, for five categories of bullying: text messages, rumors, exclusion, teasing, and physical bullying. Results show that in the school year assessed 47% reported having been bullied sometimes or often and 37% reported bullying others; 11% reported being text bullied, while 7% reported text bullying others. Students involved in text bullying were significantly more likely to be involved in traditional forms of bullying and were less likely to feel safe at school.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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