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J Ethnopharmacol. 2009 Aug 17;125(1):47-50. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2009.06.023. Epub 2009 Jun 30.

Bioactive styryllactones and alkaloid from flowers of Goniothalamus laoticus.

Author information

1
Natural Products Research Unit, Department of Chemistry and Center of Excellence for Innovation in Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand.

Abstract

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE:

Goniothalamus laoticus (Annonaceae) is being used traditionally as a tonic and a febrifuge by the local people in the northeastern part of Thailand.

AIM OF STUDY:

To investigate the Thai medicinal plant, Goniothalamus laoticus, for antiplasmodial, antimycobacterial and cytotoxicity activities.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The flowers extracts of Goniothalamus laoticus were isolated by chromatographic techniques. Structures of isolated compounds were identified by spectroscopic methods. The antiplasmodial, antimycobacterial and cytotoxicity evaluation of styryllactone derivatives and alkaloid were also performed.

RESULTS:

Ten compounds, cinnamic acid (1); dihydrochrysine (2); beta-sitosterol (3); six styryllactones, (+)-3-acetylaltholactone (4), goniotriol (5), (+)-altholactone (6), (+)-goniofufurone (7), 9-deoxygoniopypyrone (8), howiinin A (9); and an aporphine alkaloid; (-)-nordicentrine (10) were isolated from flowers of Goniothalamus laoticus. Among these, compounds 1, 3-5, 8-10 are first isolated from the Goniothalamus laoticus. Besides, compound 10 is the first report from the Goniothalamus genus. The isolated compounds were evaluated in antiplasmodial, antimycobacterial and anticancer cell lines tests. Compounds 4-6 and 10 exhibited antiplasmodial activity against Plasmodium falciparum (IC(50) 2.6, 7.9, 2.6 and 0.3 microg/mL, respectively), while 5, 6, 9 and 10 showed antimycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MIC 100, 6.25, 6.25 and 12.5 microg/mL, respectively). In addition, compounds 4-10 showed cytotoxicity against cancer cells, KB, BC1, NCI-H187, and MCF-7 with IC(50) ranging from 0.4 to 22.7 microg/mL.

CONCLUSION:

This finding showed that the styryllactone derivatives and alkaloid isolated from the flowers of Goniothalamus laoticus exhibited antiplasmodial activity against Plasmodium falciparum, antimycobacterail against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and cytotoxicity against four cancer cell lines.

PMID:
19573585
DOI:
10.1016/j.jep.2009.06.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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