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Thromb Haemost. 2009 Jul;102(1):83-9. doi: 10.1160/TH09-01-0054.

Binding of plasma factor XIII to thrombin-receptor activated human platelets.

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Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Molecular Pathology, Medical and Health Science Center, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary.


Platelet-bound coagulation factor XIII (FXIII) is targeted and concentrated at the site where platelet-rich thrombi are formed. Previous studies were in disagreement about the nature of FXIII binding to platelets. In this study, thrombin-receptor activating peptide (TRAP)-stimulated human whole blood and washed platelets were analysed by flow cytometry for the binding of FXIII using a monoclonal antibody against the A subunit of FXIII (FXIII-A). Here, we demonstrate that FXIII-A positivity significantly increased on activated platelets in whole blood compared to unstimulated sample, but not in washed platelets. GPIIb/IIIa receptor plays an essential role in FXIII binding, as fibrinogen receptor antagonist eptifibatide and fibrinogen binding inhibitor RGDS tetrapeptide significantly prevented the binding of FXIII. Furthermore, stimulated platelets from a patient with severe type I Glanzmann thrombasthenia showed insignificant FXIII-A positivity versus healthy controls. In addition, basal negligible amount of FXIII on washed platelets was only slightly increased when highly purified plasma FXIII (FXIII-A(2)B(2)) was added upon platelet activation by TRAP. Similarly, no remarkable FXIII-A positivity was observed when we used FXIII-A(2)B(2) with gammaA/gammaA fibrinogen. However, gammaA/gamma' fibrinogen significantly augmented FXIII binding on TRAP-stimulated platelets in the presence of non-activated FXIII-A(2)B(2). We conclude that FXIII-A(2)B(2) of plasma origin binds to thrombin-receptor activated platelets via GPIIb/IIIa receptor-bound fibrinogen with gamma'-chain and is not capable of direct platelet binding.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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