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Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2010 Jan;121(1):22-32. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2009.01424.x. Epub 2009 Jun 30.

Treatment of schizoaffective disorder - a challenge for evidence-based psychiatry.

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1
Department of Psychiatry II, Ulm University, Günzburg, Germany. markus.jaeger@bkh-guenzburg.de

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Schizoaffective disorder is a common diagnosis in mental health services. The aim of the present article was to review treatment studies for schizoaffective disorder and draw conclusions for clinical decision making.

METHOD:

We searched MEDLINE and Cochrane Library for relevant clinical trials and review articles up to the year 2008.

RESULTS:

Thirty-three studies using standardized diagnostic criteria, 14 of which were randomized controlled trials, could be identified. The comparability of studies is limited by the use of different diagnostic criteria. The studies reviewed do not permit consistent recommendations as to whether schizoaffective disorder should be treated primarily with antipsychotics, mood stabilizers or combinations of these drugs. The relevance of diverse subtypes of schizoaffective disorder for treatment recommendations is unclear.

CONCLUSION:

The pertinent empirical database is small and heterogeneous. The lack of conclusive recommendations is related to issues of nosological status, plurality of diagnostic criteria and validity of the concept of schizoaffective disorder.

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