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Environ Sci Technol. 2009 Jun 1;43(11):4049-55.

Direct comparison between visible near- and mid-infrared spectroscopy for describing diuron sorption in soils.

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School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, PMB 1, Glen Osmond 5064, Australia.


Both visible near-infrared (VNIR) and mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy have been claimed to better predict pesticide sorption in soils than other methods. We compared the performances of VNIR and MIR spectroscopy for predicting both organic carbon content (foc) and the sorption affinity (Kd) of diuron in 112 surface soils from South Australia. Separate calibration models were developed between VNIR and MIR spectra, and foc and Kd using partial least-squares (PLS) regression. MIR clearly outperformed VNIR for predictions of both foc and Kd in soils. Correlation (R2) and accuracy (RPD) indices were 0.4 and 1.3 for the VNIR-PLS model versus 0.8 and 2.3 for the MIR-PLS model, respectively, for Kd prediction. PLS loadings for sorption prediction were compared in terms of the soil information they contained. While VNIR loading did not include any direct spectral information regarding soil minerals, MIR loading included peaks associated with sand, clays, and carbonates. Perhaps by better predicting foc and integrating the effects of OC as well as minerals, the MIR-PLS model provided a better prediction for diuron Kd values in our calibration set.

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