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Int J Artif Organs. 2009 May;32(5):251-61.

Current status of renal transplantation from HCV-positive donors.

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Division of Nephrology and Dialysis, Maggiore Hospital, IRCCS Foundation, Milan, Italy.


Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection remains frequent among renal transplant (RT) recipients and has a detrimental effect on patient and graft survival. accelerated progression of liver disease due to HCV has been implicated in increased mortality after kidney transplantation but additional outcomes have been related to HCV after RT. all HCV-infected kidney transplant candidates should be considered for liver biopsy before RT. HCV infection should not be considered an absolute contraindication to renal transplantation, although the course of HCV-related liver disease is often progressive. Numerous organ procurement organizations have introduced the policy of accepting kidneys from HCV-positive donors for HCV-positive recipients, but this is still controversial. Single-center experiences have not reported adverse effects on the short-term patient and graft survival, however information from large databases has suggested that RT recipients of HCV-positive donors are independently at risk of mortality even in the modern era of immunosuppression. Renal transplantation should be considered using HCV-seropositive grafts for qualified patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 5 and HCV infection since good information indicates that the transplantation of kidneys from HCV-infected donors results in improved survival compared to wait-listed and dialysis-dependent candidates. a potential risk related to the use of donor HCV-positive kidneys cannot be excluded, and kidneys from HCV-infected donors should be restricted to recipients with evidence of active viremia at the time of kidney transplantation.

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