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Saudi J Gastroenterol. 2008 Jul;14(3):158-60. doi: 10.4103/1319-3767.41740.

Viral infections of the biliary tract.

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Department of Microbiology, Maulana Azad Medical College (MAMC), New Delhi, India.


Bacterial infections of the biliary tract are often considered to be an important cause of acute cholangitis. Viral infections of the biliary tract however, are very often mistaken as viral hepatitis. This article highlights various viral causes of common biliary tract infections. Viral cholangitis is both less common and less discussed than viral hepatitis. Hepatotropic viruses (A, B, C, and E) are generally regarded as hepatocellular pathogens, yet cholangitic manifestations are now well described in association with these diseases. Systemic viral diseases also lead to cholangitis in varying proportion to hepatitis. Human immunodeficiency virus is associated with protean hepatic complications, including cholangitis due to several causes. Other systemic viruses, most notably those of the herpes virus family, also cause hepatic disease including cholangitis and possibly ductopenia in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients.


Biliary tract; cholangiopathy; cholangitis; hepatitis; infection; review; viral infections; virus

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