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Saudi J Gastroenterol. 2008 Jan;14(1):1-6. doi: 10.4103/1319-3767.37793.

Sphincter of Oddi and its dysfunction.

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Department of General Surgery, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India.


Sphincter of Oddi though mostly heard about in 'anatomy textbooks' is making its way into surgical practice due to various disease states affecting it and its dysfunction seems to be an important condition to be observed while treating patients with abdominal pain. In this review, we have attempted to discuss all the relevant conditions affecting it, particularly the dysfunction with a detailed literature review.


Bile duct; dysfunction; pancreas; sphincter of Oddi; surgery

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