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Korean J Radiol. 2009 Jul-Aug;10(4):384-90. doi: 10.3348/kjr.2009.10.4.384. Epub 2009 Jun 25.

Angiographically negative acute arterial upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding: incidence, predictive factors, and clinical outcomes.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the incidence, predictive factors, and clinical outcomes of angiographically negative acute arterial upper and lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

From 2001 to 2008, 143 consecutive patients who underwent an angiography for acute arterial upper or lower GI bleeding were examined.

RESULTS:

The angiographies revealed a negative bleeding focus in 75 of 143 (52%) patients. The incidence of an angiographically negative outcome was significantly higher in patients with a stable hemodynamic status (p < 0.001), or in patients with lower GI bleeding (p = 0.032). A follow-up of the 75 patients (range: 0-72 months, mean: 8 +/- 14 months) revealed that 60 of the 75 (80%) patients with a negative bleeding focus underwent conservative management only, and acute bleeding was controlled without rebleeding. Three of the 75 (4%) patients underwent exploratory surgery due to prolonged bleeding; however, no bleeding focus was detected. Rebleeding occurred in 12 of 75 (16%) patients. Of these, six patients experienced massive rebleeding and died of disseminated intravascular coagulation within four to nine hours after the rebleeding episode. Four of the 16 patients underwent a repeat angiography and the two remaining patients underwent a surgical intervention to control the bleeding.

CONCLUSION:

Angiographically negative results are relatively common in patients with acute GI bleeding, especially in patients with a stable hemodynamic status or lower GI bleeding. Most patients with a negative bleeding focus have experienced spontaneous resolution of their condition.

KEYWORDS:

Angiography; Lower gastrointestinal bleeding; Upper gastrointestinal bleeding

PMID:
19568467
PMCID:
PMC2702048
DOI:
10.3348/kjr.2009.10.4.384
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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