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Trials. 2009 Jun 29;10:45. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-10-45.

N-acetylcysteine does not prevent contrast-induced nephropathy after cardiac catheterization in patients with diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease: a randomized clinical trial.

Author information

1
Department of cardiology, Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. aminimd@sina.tums.ac.ir

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) constitute to be a high-risk population for the development of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), in which the incidence of CIN is estimated to be as high as 50%. We performed this trial to assess the efficacy of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in the prevention of this complication.

METHODS:

In a prospective, double-blind, placebo controlled, randomized clinical trial, we studied 90 patients undergoing elective diagnostic coronary angiography with DM and CKD (serum creatinine > or = 1.5 mg/dL for men and > or = 1.4 mg/dL for women). The patients were randomly assigned to receive either oral NAC (600 mg BID, starting 24 h before the procedure) or placebo, in adjunct to hydration. Serum creatinine was measured prior to and 48 h after coronary angiography. The primary end-point was the occurrence of CIN, defined as an increase in serum creatinine > or = 0.5 mg/dL (44.2 micromol/L) or > or = 25% above baseline at 48 h after exposure to contrast medium.

RESULTS:

Complete data on the outcomes were available on 87 patients, 45 of whom had received NAC. There were no significant differences between the NAC and placebo groups in baseline characteristics, amount of hydration, or type and volume of contrast used, except in gender (male/female, 20/25 and 34/11, respectively; P = 0.005) and the use of statins (62.2% and 37.8%, respectively; P = 0.034). CIN occurred in 5 out of 45 (11.1%) patients in the NAC group and 6 out of 42 (14.3%) patients in the placebo group (P = 0.656).

CONCLUSION:

There was no detectable benefit for the prophylactic administration of oral NAC over an aggressive hydration protocol in patients with DM and CKD.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

NCT00808795.

PMID:
19563648
PMCID:
PMC2714294
DOI:
10.1186/1745-6215-10-45
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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