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J Intern Med. 2009 Dec;266(6):558-70. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2796.2009.02133.x. Epub 2009 May 26.

Uric acid and risk of myocardial infarction, stroke and congestive heart failure in 417,734 men and women in the Apolipoprotein MOrtality RISk study (AMORIS).

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Department of Preventive Cardiology, Centre of Preventive Medicine, Oslo, University Hospital, Ulleval, Oslo, Norway.



Few studies have simultaneously analysed the influence of elevated serum uric acid (UA) on acute myocardial infarction (AMI), ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke (IS, HS) and congestive heart failure (CHF) in large healthy populations. We, here, examine UA as a risk factor for AMI, stroke and CHF by age and gender in the Apolipoprotein MOrtality RISk (AMORIS) Study.


Prospective study (11.8 years, range 7-17) of fatal and nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, stroke and CHF through linkage with Swedish hospital discharge and mortality registers.


Measurements of uric acid in 417,734 men and women from health check-ups in Stockholm area.


There was a gradual increase in risk of AMI, stroke and CHF by increasing UA levels. Women had a stronger relationship between UA and both AMI and IS than men. Predictions of AMI were at least as powerful in the elderly as in the young, but not so for IS. Associations were markedly attenuated when adjusted for total cholesterol, triglycerides, hospital hypertension and diabetes status. The association between UA and HS was U-shaped in both genders. CHF was more strongly related to UA than AMI and stroke and less affected by the adjustment factors.


Already moderate levels of UA appear to be associated with an increased incidence of AMI, stroke and CHF in middle-aged subjects without prior cardiovascular disease. These associations seem to increase gradually from lower to higher levels of UA. UA may be an important complementary indicator of cardiovascular risk in the general population.

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