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Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 1991 Oct;13(8):551-6.

The disposition of antituberculous drugs in plasma of elderly patients. II. Isoniazid, rifampicin and pyrazinamide.

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Department of Pharmacology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin.


The pharmacokinetics of isoniazid (INH), rifampicin (RIF) and pyrazinamide (PZA) were studied in 18 elderly patients (67-89 years of age) and 19 young adult patients (19-59 years of age) on the first day and at one month of treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis. Elderly patients exhibited more side effects but there were no age-related changes in the pharmacokinetics of any of the three drugs when used in this combination. The clearance for INH and RIF at steady-state were significantly lower than after first-dose, while that of PZA remained unchanged. At steady-state the clearances for INH and RIF were not characteristic of polymorphic metabolism and auto-enzyme induction, respectively. Elderly patients are more sensitive to antituberculous (anti-TB) drugs; therefore, a modification in the dosage for this patient group should be considered.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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