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Thromb Res. 2009 Sep;124(4):397-402. doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2009.02.015. Epub 2009 Jun 27.

Prothrombotic factors and the risk of acute onset non-cardioembolic stroke in young Asian Indians.

Author information

1
Department of Hematology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Several prothrombotic factors--both hereditary and acquired--are known to cause stroke. Commonly investigated causes are activated protein C resistance, factor V Leiden mutation, factor VIII levels, prothrombin 20210 G-to-A mutation, coagulation inhibitors such as proteins C and S, and antiphospholipid antibodies such as beta(2)-glycoprotein.

OBJECTIVE:

The literature on the prevalence of hematological defects pertaining to these variables in the Asian Indian stroke population is limited to a few isolated reports. In the current study we investigate the above-mentioned variables in 120 stroke patients (non-cardioembolic acute-onset stroke) and compare their status with the hematological profile of an equal number of healthy age- and sex-matched controls.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Plasma and blood leukocytes were collected from all patients and controls for performing hematological assays and molecular tests respectively. The mutations were detected using standard polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR/RFLP) procedures. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 12.0.

RESULTS:

Factor V Leiden (prevalence 8.3% in patients) and activated protein C resistance (prevalence 19.6% in patients) both showed a high degree of association (P<0.01) with the disease condition. However, contrary to common expectations, factor V Leiden was observed much less frequently in patients showing activated protein C resistance (10 out of 23; 43.4%) than is commonly observed in the Caucasian population (almost 90%). Post-acute-phase factor VIII levels were also found to be significantly associated with stroke: 125.6+21.1% number of profitable positions (NPP) for controls and 136.2+28.8% NPP for patients (P=0.001).

CONCLUSION:

factor V mutations, such as factor V Leiden, may be important risk factors for stroke in an Asian Indian population. Activated protein C resistance has a stronger association with stroke than factor V Leiden and may be caused by other factors such as elevated factor VIII levels in the Asian Indian population apart from factor V Leiden itself.

PMID:
19560187
DOI:
10.1016/j.thromres.2009.02.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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