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J Clin Virol. 2009 Aug;45(4):318-21. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2009.05.025. Epub 2009 Jun 25.

Screening for polyomavirus associated nephropathy in renal transplantation with blood viral load measurement.

Author information

1
Microbiology Laboratory, Hôtel-Dieu de Québec hospital, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec, 11, Côte du palais, Québec, Canada, G1R 2J6. alexandre.boudreault.1@ulaval.ca

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Polyomavirus associated nephropathy (PVAN) is an important cause of graft failure in the renal transplant population. It has been shown that viremia precedes PVAN, suggesting that measurement of blood viral load could be used for PVAN screening.

OBJECTIVES:

To verify the utility of BK virus (BKV) blood viral load measurement for PVAN screening in the renal transplant population, establish a threshold value, and determine the sensitivity and specificity of the test.

STUDY DESIGN:

We developed a real-time PCR assay for BKV blood viral load measurement and included this assay in the PVAN screening protocol of the renal transplant recipients of our institution. We report results for 60 patients who had a blood viral load measurement concomitantly with an allograft biopsy with immunohistochemistry for polyomavirus.

RESULTS:

14 patients were found to have a PVAN on allograft biopsy together with a viral load above 3.0x10(3)copies/ml. None of the patients with a viral load under 3.0x10(3)copies/ml had a PVAN on allograft biopsy. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was 0.95 (95% CI: 0.91-1.00) and using a threshold value of 3.0x10(3)copies/ml yielded a sensitivity of 100% (95% CI: 76.8-100%) and a specificity of 89.6% (95% CI: 77.3-96.5%) for PVAN screening.

CONCLUSIONS:

BKV blood viral load measurement is sensitive and specific for PVAN screening when a threshold value is precisely determined.

PMID:
19559645
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcv.2009.05.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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