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J Pers. 2009 Aug;77(4):1025-50. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00573.x. Epub 2009 May 18.

The hierarchical structure of well-being.

Author information

1
University of Kansas, Department of Psychology, Fraser 426, Lawrence, KS 66045-7556, USA. mwg@ku.edu

Abstract

Theories of hedonic, eudaimonic, and social well-being provide 3 extensively studied models for explaining flourishing mental health. Few studies have examined whether these models can be integrated into a comprehensive structure of well-being. The present study builds upon previous theoretical and empirical work to determine the complex relationships among these 3 models of well-being. Confirmatory factor analysis techniques were used to test a series of models in order to (a) confirm the proposed latent structures of hedonic, eudaimonic, and social well-being and (b) examine whether these models could be successfully integrated into a hierarchical structure of well-being. In 2 large samples, results supported the proposed latent structures of hedonic, eudaimonic, and social well-being and indicated that the various components of well-being could be represented most parsimoniously with 3 oblique second-order constructs of hedonic, eudaimonic, and social well-being.

PMID:
19558444
PMCID:
PMC3865980
DOI:
10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00573.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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