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Photochem Photobiol. 2009 Sep-Oct;85(5):1147-55. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-1097.2009.00579.x. Epub 2009 Jun 22.

UV-B action spectrum for UVR8-mediated HY5 transcript accumulation in Arabidopsis.

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Plant Science Group, Division of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.


Arabidopsis thaliana UV RESISTANCE LOCUS8 (UVR8) is a UV-B-specific signaling component that mediates low fluence, photomorphogenic responses to UV-B. It is required for UV-B-induced expression of the gene encoding the ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL5 (HY5) transcription factor. HY5 is a key effector of responses mediated by UVR8. In mature leaf tissue, HY5 transcript accumulation occurred rapidly in response to a brief UV-B treatment and no induction was observed in a uvr8 mutant over a broad range of UV wavelengths. In response to monochromatic light, maximal transcript accumulation occurred in wild-type plants at wavelengths 280-300 nm. HY5 transcript accumulation showed reciprocity between the fluence rate and duration of UV-B exposure, and on this basis conditions were chosen to generate an action spectrum for the UVR8 signaling pathway. Dose-response curves were produced for a range of UV wavelengths using 20 min exposure to UV and harvesting tissue 2 h after the start of illumination. Experiments using mutants defective in sinapate ester and flavonoid biosynthesis indicated that the presence of UV-absorbing compounds did not affect the construction of an action spectrum under the conditions employed. The action spectrum for the induction of HY5 by the UVR8 pathway showed a main peak at 280 nm with a smaller peak at 300 nm. The data are discussed in relation to the proposed mechanisms of UV-B photoreception.

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