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J Gastroenterol. 2009;44(9):935-43. doi: 10.1007/s00535-009-0098-7. Epub 2009 Jun 26.

Effectiveness of IkappaB kinase inhibitors in murine colitis-associated tumorigenesis.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation is involved in various inflammatory illnesses, for example inflammatory bowel disease, and is thought to be a key factor in the tumor-promoting mechanism of inflammation-associated tumorigenesis. This study investigated whether inhibitors of IKKbeta, which is a critical kinase for NF-kappaB activation, reduce colitis-associated tumorigenesis in mice.

METHODS:

We used a mouse model of the disease whereby administration of azoxymethane (AOM) followed by repeated dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) ingestion causes severe colonic inflammation and the subsequent development of multiple tumors. Effects of IKKbeta inhibitors, NBD peptide, and IMD-0354 were examined.

RESULTS:

In a colitis-associated cancer model, treatment with the IKKbeta inhibitors NBD peptide and IMD-0354 significantly reduced the number of tumors compared with the untreated group. The tumors were also significantly smaller in the inhibitor-treated mice than in the untreated mice. Macrophage and neutrophil infiltration decreased with the inhibitor treatment. NF-kappaB activation and the expression of Cox-2 and iNOS were observed in tumor tissues, and the inhibitors ameliorated their expression. These inhibitors blocked NF-kappaB activation and the expression of proinflammatory cytokines mediated by the culture supernatant of inflamed colon in murine primary macrophages. In-vitro and in-vivo experiments showed that these drugs, especially NBD peptide, could also inhibit the proliferation of colonic epithelial cells.

CONCLUSION:

These results imply that IKKbeta-targeted NF-kappaB blockade is an attractive therapeutic approach for the prevention of colitis-associated tumors.

PMID:
19557302
DOI:
10.1007/s00535-009-0098-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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