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Eye (Lond). 2010 Jan;24(1):145-51. doi: 10.1038/eye.2009.157. Epub 2009 Jun 26.

High glucose attenuates insulin-induced VEGF expression in bovine retinal microvascular endothelial cells.

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1
Department of Ophthalmology, The First People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate the effect of high glucose on insulin-induced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in bovine retinal microvascular endothelial cells (BRECs) and to probe into related mechanisms.

METHODS:

BRECs were isolated as primary cultures and identified by immunostaining. Passage cells were initially exposed to normal (5 mM) or high glucose (30 mM) for 3 days, and equimolar L-glucose was supplemented for osmotic equation. BRECs were then treated with 100 nM insulin for 24 h or not, and cells were prepared for the determination of VEGF mRNA expression by real-time PCR. VEGF protein was determined by human umbilical vein endothelial cell proliferation assay, immunofluorescence, and ELISA. BRECs were treated with 5 or 30 mM glucose for 3 days and then cells cultured with 5 mM glucose were exposed to the PI3-K inhibitor wortmannin (100 nM), the P42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor U0126 (50 microM), or to the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor GF109203X (2 microM) 1 h before addition of 100 nM insulin. Twenty-four hours after incubation with insulin, the cells were subjected to real-time PCR and ELISA analyses.

RESULTS:

Insulin or high glucose alone markedly increased VEGF mRNA and protein levels in BRECs (P<0.05, two-way ANOVA). However, the combination of insulin and high glucose displayed a weaker effect in promoting VEGF expression than did insulin alone (P<0.05, t-test). Pretreatment of cells with PI3-K inhibitor significantly (P<0.05, one-way ANOVA) suppressed the insulin-induced VEGF expression; neither pretreatment with the PKC inhibitor nor with the P42/p44 MAPK inhibitor showed an effect on the expression of VEGF at the mRNA or protein level (P>0.05, one-way ANOVA).

CONCLUSIONS:

Both insulin and high glucose can markedly increase VEGF expression in BRECs at the mRNA and protein level. We propose that insulin may upregulate VEGF expression through the PI3-K signalling pathway in BRECs, and high glucose may attenuate insulin-induced VEGF expression by impairing PI3-K signalling pathways.

PMID:
19557019
DOI:
10.1038/eye.2009.157
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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