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Inhal Toxicol. 2010 Jan;22(1):1-16. doi: 10.3109/08958370902838145.

Modulation of ozone-sensitive genes in alpha-tocopherol transfer protein null mice.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Center for Comparative Respiratory Biology and Medicine, Genome and Biomedical Sciences Facility, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA. vtvasu@ucdavis.edu

Abstract

Alpha-tocopherol transfer protein (ATTP) null mice (ATTP-/-) have a systemic alpha-tocopherol (AT) deficiency, with their lung AT levels being < 10% of those in AT-replete ATTP(+/+) mice when fed a standard rodent chow diet. ATTP(+/+) and ATTP(-/-) mice (4 wk old male mice, n = 16 per group) were fed a standard diet (35 IU AT/kg diet) for 8-12 wk, exposed 6 h/day for 3 days to either to O(3) (0.5 ppm) or filtered air, then sacrificed. No significant differences in plasma or lung AT concentrations were observed in response to this level of O(3) exposure. Lung genomic responses of the lungs to O(3) were determined using Affymetrix 430A 2.0 arrays containing over 22,600 probe sets representing 14,000 well-characterized mouse genes. As compared with filtered air exposure, O(3) exposure resulted in 99 genes being differentially expressed in ATTP(-/-) mice, as compared to 52 differentially expressed genes in ATTP(+/+) mice. The data revealed an O(3)-induced upregulation of genes related to cell proliferation/DNA repair and inflammatory-immune responses in both ATTP(+/+) and ATTP(-/-) mice, with the expression of 22 genes being common to both, whereas 30 and 77 genes were unique to ATTP(+/+) and ATTP(-/-) mice, respectively. The expressions of O(3) sensitive genes-Timp1, Areg, Birc5 and Tnc-were seen to be further modulated by AT status. The present study reveals AT modulation of adaptive response of lung genome to O(3) exposure.

PMID:
19555225
PMCID:
PMC2805035
DOI:
10.3109/08958370902838145
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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