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Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2009 Mar;22(2):188-93. doi: 10.1097/YCO.0b013e328320794a.

Recent research in stress, coping and women's health.

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1
Department of Mental Health and Social Psychology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Karnataka, India. kiranrao.nimhans@gmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

To highlight recent publications in the area of stress and coping, with specific reference to women's physical health status.

RECENT FINDINGS:

The transactional model of stress and coping continues to be the mainstay of research in this area. Several longitudinal studies have demonstrated that stress appraisal and resultant coping responses affect health outcome and health-related quality of life in women. In addition to problem-focused coping, women often use distraction methods, seeking social support and faith or religious coping. Psychological interventions in chronic medical conditions need to move beyond education and incorporate more cognitive behavioral components, at the same time addressing women's specific needs.

SUMMARY:

Coping behaviors in response to the negative threat appraisal of a chronic or severe medical illness serve to reduce psychological distress. However, it is still not clear how they impact at the physiological level. In addition, coping responses, which enhance positive effects and promote health-related quality of life, merit greater attention from researchers. There is a need for more gender comparative research to improve health outcomes in men and women.

PMID:
19553874
DOI:
10.1097/YCO.0b013e328320794a
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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