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Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2009 Aug;16(8):1236-46. doi: 10.1128/CVI.00431-08. Epub 2009 Jun 24.

Development and technical and clinical validation of a quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of human antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen in recipients of recombinant hepatitis B virus vaccine.

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  • 1GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals, Rue de l'Institut 89, Rixensart, Belgium. pierre.A.cambron@gskbio.com

Abstract

Pending removal from the market of a commercial assay (the AUSAB [Abbott Laboratories] enzyme immunoassay [EIA]) for the determination of antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), a new in-house quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to measure antibodies against HBsAg (anti-HBs) was developed (anti-HBs in-house). Specific anti-HBs antibodies were sandwiched between the precoated HBsAg ad and ay subtypes purified from plasma from hepatitis B virus (HBV) human carriers and the recombinant HBsAg adw2 subtype tagged with horseradish peroxidase. The assay was calibrated against the 1st International Reference Preparation for anti-hepatitis B immunoglobulin (lot 1977-W1042). Analytical sensitivity and the limit of quantitation were estimated at 0.43 mIU/ml and 2.0 mIU/ml, respectively. Overall reproducibility was 11.86%, and accuracy was estimated to be 94.89%. More than 4,000 samples from seven clinical trials were tested with the anti-HBs in-house assay and compared to results generated with AUSAB EIA and AUSAB radioimmunoassay (RIA). During the technical validation, the anti-HBs in-house assay was compared to the AUSAB RIA as a reference (n = 919). Overall assessment of concordance and Deming's regression analysis were performed. The coefficient of correlation between the AUSAB RIA and anti-HBs in-house assay was 0.9815 with a slope of 0.9187. The overall agreement between anti-HBs in-house and AUSAB RIA was 97.61%, considering the clinical cutoffs at 3.3 mIU/ml and 1.0 mIU/ml for the respective assays. From a clinical perspective, seroprotection rates and anti-HBs geometric mean antibody concentrations for individual studies calculated with either the in-house assay or the reference assays were similar. Conclusions of individual studies were confirmed. The performance characteristics of the in-house assay are acceptable. There is no evidence that use of the new assay would lead to different clinical conclusions from the reference method.

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