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Injury. 2010 Jan;41(1):73-6. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2009.05.018.

Severe facial rubber bullet injuries: less lethal but extremely harmful weapons.

Author information

1
Service de Chirurgie Maxillofaciale, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Nantes, France. bwv_1029@yahoo.fr

Abstract

Less-lethal rubber-bullet weapons are designed to induce blunt injuries that incapacitate violent individuals.

AIM AND SCOPE:

We intend to study the functional and aesthetic impairments and the cost in terms of social health resulting from rubber-bullet facial trauma.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We retrospectively collected all the facial trauma cases caused by mass-appeal, less-lethal guns followed up in two French university hospitals since the year 2000. We did not consider the facial injuries caused by professional, less-lethal, rubber or plastic bullet guns.

CONCLUSION:

We showed that mass-appeal, less-lethal rubber-bullet guns induce severe traumas with irreversible functional consequences and long-term social implications. Victims of facial rubber-bullet traumas should be managed like high-energy trauma patients and benefit from extremely careful primary wound care.

PMID:
19552903
DOI:
10.1016/j.injury.2009.05.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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