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Trop Med Int Health. 2009 Aug;14(8):926-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2009.02310.x. Epub 2009 Jun 22.

Outbreak of leptospirosis in New Caledonia: diagnosis issues and burden of disease.

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Institut Pasteur de Nouvelle-Calédonie, Nouméa, New Caledonia.


A leptospirosis epidemic affected New Caledonia during the first semester of 2008. A total of 135 cases were diagnosed with a relatively low fatality rate of 3.7%. Heavy rainfalls, related to La Niña, favoured this epidemic. The PCR, routinely used, confirmed 54% of the cases, and the microagglutination test 56%. Epidemiological and economical data on this epidemic are presented and discussed.

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