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Opt Express. 2007 Nov 12;15(23):15507-16.

Hemodynamic responses to antivascular therapy and ionizing radiation assessed by diffuse optical spectroscopies.

Abstract

Diffuse optical methods were used to monitor two different therapies in K1735 malignant mouse melanoma tumor models: anti-vascular therapy and radiation therapy. Anti-vascular therapy induced acute variation in hemodynamic parameters within an hour, and radiation therapy induced longitudinal changes within 2 weeks. During anti-vascular therapy, the drug Combretastatin A-4 3-O-Phosphate (CA4P, 2.5 mg/200 mul PBS/mouse) significantly decreased tissue blood flow (65%) and blood oxygenation (38%) one hour after injection. In the longitudinal study, single-fraction ionizing radiation (12 Gy x 1) induced significant reduction of tissue blood flow (36%) and blood oxygenation (24%) 14 days after radiation. The results correlated well with contrast enhanced ultrasound, tumor histology, and a nitroimidazole hypoxia marker (EF5). The research provides further evidence that noninvasive diffuse optical spectroscopies can be useful tools for monitoring cancer therapy in vivo.

PMID:
19550836
DOI:
10.1364/oe.15.015507

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