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Opt Express. 2009 Jun 22;17(13):11130-9.

Average intensity and spreading of an elegant Hermite-Gaussian beam in turbulent atmosphere.

Author information

1
School of Physical Science and Technology, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China.

Abstract

The propagation of an elegant Hermite-Gaussian beam (EHGB) in turbulent atmosphere is investigated. Analytical propagation formulae for the average intensity and effective beam size of an EHGB in turbulent atmosphere are derived based on the extended Huygens-Fresnel integral. The corresponding results of a standard Hermite-Gaussian beam (SHGB) in turbulent atmosphere are also derived for the convenience of comparison. The intensity and spreading properties of EHGBs and SHGBs in turbulent atmosphere are studied numerically and comparatively. It is found that the propagation properties of EHGBs and SHGBs are much different from their properties in free space, and the EHGB and SHGB with higher orders are less affected by the turbulence. What's more, the SHGB spreads more rapidly than the EHGB in turbulent atmosphere under the same conditions. Our results will be useful in long-distance free-space optical communications.

PMID:
19550513
DOI:
10.1364/oe.17.011130

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