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Chem Biol. 2009 Jun 26;16(6):605-12. doi: 10.1016/j.chembiol.2009.05.007.

Polypeptide translocation by the AAA+ ClpXP protease machine.

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1
Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

Abstract

In the AAA+ ClpXP protease, ClpX uses repeated cycles of ATP hydrolysis to pull native proteins apart and to translocate the denatured polypeptide into ClpP for degradation. Here, we probe polypeptide features important for translocation. ClpXP degrades diverse synthetic peptide substrates despite major differences in side-chain chirality, size, and polarity. Moreover, translocation occurs without a peptide -NH and with 10 methylenes between successive peptide bonds. Pulling on homopolymeric tracts of glycine, proline, and lysine also allows efficient ClpXP degradation of a stably folded protein. Thus, minimal chemical features of a polypeptide chain are sufficient for translocation and protein unfolding by the ClpX machine. These results suggest that the translocation pore of ClpX is highly elastic, allowing interactions with a wide range of chemical groups, a feature likely to be shared by many AAA+ unfoldases.

PMID:
19549599
PMCID:
PMC2718738
DOI:
10.1016/j.chembiol.2009.05.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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