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Gastroenterology. 2009 Oct;137(4):1435-47.e1-2. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2009.06.043. Epub 2009 Jun 21.

Pathogenic bacteria induce colonic PepT1 expression: an implication in host defense response.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA. hnguye9@emory.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Expression of the di/tripeptide transporter PepT1 has been observed in the colon under inflammatory conditions; however, the inducing factors and underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Here, we address the effects of pathogenic bacteria on colonic PepT1 expression together with its functional consequences.

METHODS:

Human colonic HT29-Cl.19A cells were infected with the attaching and effacing enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC). Wild-type and PepT1 transgenic mice or cultured colonic tissues derived from these mice were infected with Citrobacter rodentium, a murine attaching and effacing pathogen related to EPEC.

RESULTS:

EPEC induced PepT1 expression and activity in HT29-Cl.19A cells by intimately attaching to host cells through lipid rafts. Induction of PepT1 expression by EPEC required the transcription factor Cdx2. PepT1 expression reduced binding of EPEC to lipid rafts, as well as activation of nuclear factor-kappaB and mitogen-activated protein kinase and production of interleukin-8. Accordingly, ex vivo and in vivo experiments revealed that C rodentium induced colonic PepT1 expression and that, compared with their wild-type counterparts, PepT1 transgenic mice infected with C rodentium exhibited decreased bacterial colonization, production of proinflammatory cytokines, and neutrophil infiltration into the colon.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings demonstrate a molecular mechanism underlying the regulation of colonic PepT1 expression under pathologic conditions and reveal a novel role for PepT1 in host defense via its capacity to modulate bacterial-epithelial interactions and intestinal inflammation.

PMID:
19549526
PMCID:
PMC2757477
DOI:
10.1053/j.gastro.2009.06.043
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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