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Endocrinology. 1991 Dec;129(6):3403-9.

Determination of secretion rates of estradiol, progesterone, oxytocin, and angiotensin II from tertiary follicles and freshly formed corpora lutea in freely moving sows.

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Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology, University of Göttingen, FRG.


Two days before ovulation ovarian follicles of sows were implanted with microdialysis systems (MDS) which function like artificial capillaries with exteriorized inlets and outlets. Steroid hormones and paracrine acting factors such as oxytocin (OXT) and angiotensin II (AII) diffuse from ovarian tissue into the fluid, which is pumped through the MDS and collected in fractions. This allows determination of dynamic changes of estradiol (E2), progesterone (P), OXT, and AII secretion during the pre-, peri-, and postovulatory periods in freely moving sows. More than 80% of such implanted follicles ovulate and form competent corpora lutea (CL) allowing continuation of experimentation during the early luteal phase. Follicular E2 release increases before ovulation and decreases with increasing blood LH concentrations. Twenty to 30 h after beginning of the preovulatory LH surge P secretion increases gradually. Both peptides OXT and AII are released episodically by the preovulatory follicle. During the time of decreased E2 and not yet increased P secretion, i.e. during the periovulatory period, mean AII secretion was highest in comparison to the late follicular and early luteal phase. E2 remains measurable during the early luteal phase. OXT and AII were also topically applied into the follicular wall and after ovulation into the CL. AII had no effect on steroidogenesis of both structures. Although OXT was ineffective in the follicle, in young CL it stimulated P secretion. These results indicate that the MDS can be used to study late follicular and early luteal steroid and peptide secretion. The function of OXT and AII in the follicle remains obscure, whereas OXT has a luteotropic effect in young porcine CL.

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