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Anal Chem. 2009 Jul 15;81(14):5777-82. doi: 10.1021/ac900694y.

Microsphere-based rolling circle amplification microarray for the detection of DNA and proteins in a single assay.

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Department of Chemistry, Tufts University, 62 Talbot Avenue, Medford, Massachusetts 02155, USA.


We describe a high-density microarray for simultaneous detection of proteins and DNA in a single test. In this system, Rolling Circle Amplification (RCA) was used as a signal amplification method for both protein and nucleic acid detection. The microsphere sensors were tested with synthetic DNA and purified recombinant protein analytes. The target DNA sequence was designed from a highly conserved gene that encodes the outer membrane protein P6 (OMP-P6) of both typeable and nontypeable strains of Haemophilus influenzae. The proinflammatory mediators IL-6 and IL-8 were selected as target proteins. Capture antibodies were first immobilized on fluorescently encoded microspheres. The microspheres were then loaded into the etched microwells of an imaging optical fiber bundle. A sandwich assay was performed for target proteins IL-6 and IL-8 using biotin-labeled secondary antibodies. Biotinylated capture DNA probes were then attached to the detection antibodies via an avidin bridge. A padlock probe, complementary to the target sequence, was subsequently hybridized to the capture probe. In the presence of the target sequence, the padlock probe was ligated, and this circular sequence was used for RCA. Following RCA, multiple fluorescently labeled signal probes were hybridized to each amplified sequence, and the microarray was imaged using an epi-fluorescence microscope. With this assay, detection limits down to 10 fM and 1 pM were achieved for proteins and target DNA, respectively. In addition to this new approach for detecting both protein and DNA in a single test using RCA, the limit of detection for IL-8 and IL-6 was improved by 3 orders of magnitude compared to similar microsphere-based assays.

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