Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2010 Mar;32(3):239-48. doi: 10.1080/13803390902971115. Epub 2009 Jun 22.

The contingency-shifting variant Iowa Gambling Task: an investigation with young adults.

Author information

Department of Psychology, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea, SA2 8PP, UK.

Erratum in

  • J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2010 Apr;32(4):448.


The contingency-shifting variant Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), in which the reward and punishment contingencies of different decks of cards are systematically altered, was investigated with a large group of healthy young adults (n = 208). Our findings demonstrate that the onset of unsignaled, contingency-shift phases initially disrupted learning but that performance subsequently improved during each shift. Subjective experience ratings were positively correlated with performance across all phases. A regression model showed that performance early in the task, in Blocks 3 and 4, significantly predicted later ability to shift to the changing contingencies. Subdividing participants into high performer and low performer groups revealed an increased number of selections of previously good-now-bad decks in the latter group. Overall, the contingency-shifting variant IGT may have potential as a novel measure of reversal learning in experimental and clinical settings.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center