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Intensive Care Med. 2009 Sep;35(9):1548-55. doi: 10.1007/s00134-009-1526-0. Epub 2009 Jun 23.

Relationships among haemoglobin level, packed red cell transfusion and clinical outcomes in patients after cardiac surgery.

Author information

1
Department of Intensive Care, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, 08907 Barcelona, Spain. 36685eoj@comb.cat

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify associations among haemoglobin (Hb) concentrations, blood transfusions, and clinical outcomes in patients after cardiac surgery, especially in those who undergo valve replacement or bypass surgery.

DESIGN:

Prospective observational trial.

SETTING:

Surgical intensive care unit in a tertiary-level university hospital.

PATIENTS:

1216 Consecutive patients.

MEASUREMENTS:

Haemoglobin at admission and 6, 12, 24, and 48 h later, and then, every 24 h while patients remained in the intensive care unit (ICU); number of transfusions and clinical events.

RESULTS:

Patients were divided into quartiles according to minimal haemoglobin, the first and second of which (Hb <8.10 and <8.91 g/dL, respectively) differed significantly (P < 0.001) from the other two quartiles in terms of more organ failure, longer ICU stay, and higher mortality. We found associations between being transfused >or=4 packed red cells (PRCs) and a worse clinical outcome and higher mortality. The associated mortality rate was higher for patients who underwent bypass surgery when they had Hb <or=8.9 g/dL and for those who underwent valve replacement when they had Hb >8.9 g/dL and were transfused >or=4 PRCs.

CONCLUSIONS:

Low haemoglobin concentrations and transfusions in patients undergoing cardiac surgery are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Also, anemia and transfusions are associated with poor outcome. Therefore, intra- and postoperative bleeding seem to be a risk factor in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

PMID:
19547956
DOI:
10.1007/s00134-009-1526-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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