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J Oncol. 2009;2009:814140. Epub 2009 Jun 14.

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  • 1Experimental Pharmacology & Oncology GmbH, Robert-Rössle-Street 10, 13122 Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

Tumor cells that are nonsensitive to anticancer drugs frequently have a multidrug resistant (MDR) phenotype. Many studies with cell lines and patient material have been done to investigate the impact of different resistance markers at protein and mRNA level in drug resistance but with contradictory outcome. In the present study, 26 well-characterised patient-derived non-small cell lung cancer xenografts were used. The known chemosensitivity to etoposide, carboplatin, gemcitabine, paclitaxel and erlotinib was compared to the protein and mRNA expression of BCRP, LRP, MDR1, and MRP1. Further, four of these xenografts were short-term treated to analyse possible regulation mechanisms after therapeutic interventions. We found a borderline correlation between the bcrp mRNA expression and the response of xenografts to etoposide. All other constitutive mRNA and protein expression levels were not correlated to any drug response and were not significantly influenced by a short term treatment. The present results indicate that the expression levels of MDR proteins and mRNA investigated do not play an important role in the chemoresistance of NSCLC in the in vivo situation.

PMID:
19547715
PMCID:
PMC2696640
DOI:
10.1155/2009/814140
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