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Opt Express. 2007 Sep 17;15(19):12523-8.

Phase-sensitive silicon-based total internal reflection sensor.


A concept of phase-sensitive Si-based Total Internal Reflection bio- and chemical sensor is presented. The sensor uses the reflection of light from an internal edge of a Si prism, which is in contact with analyte material changing its index of refraction (thickness). Changes of the refractive index are monitored by measuring the differential phase shift between p- and s-polarized components of light reflected from the system. We show that due to a high refractive index of Si, such methodology leads to a high sensitivity and dynamic range of measurements. Furthermore, the Si-based platform offers an easy bioimmobilization step and excellent opportunities for the development of multi-channel microsensors taking advantage of the advanced state of development of Si-based microfabrication technologies.

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