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Opt Express. 2007 Aug 20;15(17):10790-803.

Thin spectacles for myopia, presbyopia and astigmatism insensitive vision.


The aim of the presented research was to develop special spectacles capable of solving common ophthalmic problems as myopia, presbyopia and regular/irregular astigmatism. The method included adapting special all-optical extended depth of focus concept, taken from the field of digital imaging, to ophthalmology, and by that providing the required vision solutions. Special thin mask containing annular like replicated structure (thickness of the structure is less than one micron) was designed and proven to provide extended depth of focus. In this paper we present several experimental results as well as trials with volunteers. The testing included measuring the visual acuity under different illumination conditions (pupil size varied from 2 up to 4mm), as well as stereoscopy, color integrity, field of view and contrast. The results demonstrate improvements of up to 3 Diopters (for presbyopic that require the bifocal or the progressive lens solutions) for pupil sizes of 2-4mm. The approach has demonstrated improvement of more than 2 Diopters for regular as well as irregular astigmatism. The main advantage of the developed optical element is that it is very thin (less than few microns) and has low price, it has high energetic throughput and low chromatic aberrations and it operates over the full field of view while providing continuously focused image (in contrast to bifocal lenses having only 2 focused regions). The element also provides a solution for regular as well as irregular astigmatism that currently has no available treatment.


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