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Opt Express. 2007 Jun 11;15(12):7224-30.

Optical measurement of rates of dissipation of temperature variance due to oceanic turbulence.


Inhomogeneities in the refractive index induced by temperature fluctuations in turbulent flows have the effect of scattering light in near-forward angles. We have developed a method that extracts the rate of Temperature Variance Dissipation (TVD) and its spectrum from the properties of light scattering and have built an instrument - Optical Turbulence Sensor (OTS) - that implements the method. OTS uses a linear wavefront sensing Hartmann array and allows for nearly instantaneous measurements of temperature variance in turbulent flows. The instrument has been tested in an situ experiment carried out from a drifting vessel at a site off the coast of Newport, Oregon. Here we compare the temperature variance measured by OTS and its spectra with both theoretical predictions and with spectra obtained from a fast thermistor sensor.

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