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Extremophiles. 2009 Jul;13(4):725-33. doi: 10.1007/s00792-009-0263-1. Epub 2009 Jun 21.

Molecular analysis of the gene encoding a cold-adapted halophilic subtilase from deep-sea psychrotolerant bacterium Pseudoalteromonas sp. SM9913: cloning, expression, characterization and function analysis of the C-terminal PPC domains.

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Marine Biotechnology Research Center, Shandong University, Jinan, People's Republic of China.


Only a few cold-adapted halophilic proteases have been reported. Here, the gene mcp03 encoding a cold-adapted halophilic protease MCP-03 was cloned from deep-sea psychrotolerant bacterium Pseudoalteromonas sp. SM9913, which contains a 2,130-bp ORF encoding a novel subtilase precursor. The recombinant MCP-03, expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 and purified from fermented broth, is a multi-domain protein with a catalytic domain and two PPC domains. Compared to mesophilic subtilisin Carlsberg, MCP-03 had characteristics of a typical cold-adapted enzyme (e.g., higher activity at low temperatures, lower optimum temperature and higher thermolability). MCP-03 also exhibited good halophilic ability with maximal activity at 3 M NaCl/KCl and good stability in 3 M NaCl. Deletion mutagenesis showed that the C-terminal PPC domains were unnecessary for enzyme secretion but had an inhibitory effect on MCP-03 catalytic efficiency and were essential for keeping MCP-03 thermostable.

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