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Mol Imaging Biol. 2010 Apr;12(2):210-7. doi: 10.1007/s11307-009-0243-y. Epub 2009 Jun 19.

Dual tracer 11C-choline and FDG-PET in the diagnosis of biochemical prostate cancer relapse after radical treatment.

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Nuclear Medicine Department, Clínica Universitaria, Universidad de Navarra, Avenida Pío XII 36, Pamplona, Spain.



The purpose of this study was to evaluate a dual tracer 2-deoxy-2-[F-18]fluoro-D: -glucose (FDG) and (11)C-choline positron emission tomography (PET) protocol in the detection of biochemical prostate cancer relapse.


Seventy-three patients (median Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Test value 2.7 ng/ml (1.1-5.4)) after radical treatment. PET scans were performed by means of a ECAT-Exact HR+ in the first 18 patients and in a PET/computed tomography Biograph II in the remaining 55 patients.


The sensitivity of (11)C-choline and FDG was 60.6% and 31%. In PSA levels over 1.9 ng/ml, sensitivity increased to 80% and 40%, respectively. In the group receiving adjuvant hormone therapy, the diagnostic yields were 71.2% and 43%, respectively. While (11)C-choline-PET could not differentiate well and poorly differentiated Gleason score patients, FDG-PET results were almost significant (p = 0.058).


A PSA value higher than 1.9 ng/ml determines a significant increase in the diagnostic yield. Adjuvant hormonotherapy has no influence on the PET results. FDG has a better correlation with the Gleason score than (11)C-choline.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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