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Nat Rev Neurosci. 2009 Jul;10(7):507-18. doi: 10.1038/nrn2608.

Circuits controlling vertebrate locomotion: moving in a new direction.

Author information

1
Molecular Neurobiology Laboratory, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA. goulding@salk.edu

Abstract

Neurobiologists have long sought to understand how circuits in the nervous system are organized to generate the precise neural outputs that underlie particular behaviours. The motor circuits in the spinal cord that control locomotion, commonly referred to as central pattern generator networks, provide an experimentally tractable model system for investigating how moderately complex ensembles of neurons generate select motor behaviours. The advent of novel molecular and genetic techniques coupled with recent advances in our knowledge of spinal cord development means that a comprehensive understanding of how the motor circuitry is organized and operates may be within our grasp.

PMID:
19543221
PMCID:
PMC2847453
DOI:
10.1038/nrn2608
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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