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Crit Care Nurs Q. 2009 Jul-Sep;32(3):221-31. doi: 10.1097/CNQ.0b013e3181ab923f.

Teamwork: building healthier workplaces and providing safer patient care.

Author information

1
School of Nursing, University of Texas Health Science Center, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA. ClarkP2@uthscsa.edu

Abstract

A changing healthcare landscape requires nurses to care for more patients with higher acuity during their shift than ever before. These more austere working conditions are leading to increased burnout. In addition, patient safety is not of the quality or level that is required. To build healthier workplaces where safe care is provided, formal teamwork training is recommended. Formal teamwork training programs, such as that provided by the MedTeams group, TeamSTEPPS (Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety), or participatory action research programs such as the Healthy Workplace Intervention, have decreased errors in the workplace, increased nurse satisfaction and retention rates, and decreased staff turnover. This article includes necessary determinants of teamwork, brief overviews of team-building programs, and examples of research programs that demonstrate how teamwork brings about healthier workplaces that are safer for patients. Teamwork programs can bring about these positive results when implemented and supported by the hospital system.

PMID:
19542973
DOI:
10.1097/CNQ.0b013e3181ab923f
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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