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Trends Immunol. 2009 Jul;30(7):313-8. doi: 10.1016/j.it.2009.04.005. Epub 2009 Jun 18.

B cells and aging: molecules and mechanisms.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6082, USA. cancro@mail.med.upenn.edu

Abstract

Recent advances allow aging-associated changes in B-cell function to be approached at a mechanistic level. Reduced expression of genes crucial to lineage commitment and differentiation yield diminished B-cell production. Moreover, intrinsic differences in the repertoire generated by B-cell precursors in aged individuals, coupled with falling B-cell generation rates and life-long homeostatic competition, result in narrowed clonotypic diversity. Similarly, reductions in gene products crucial for immunoglobulin class switch recombination and somatic hypermutation impact the efficacy of humoral immune responses. Together, these findings set the stage for integrated analyses of how age-related changes at the molecular, cellular and population levels interact to yield the overall aging phenotype.

PMID:
19540810
PMCID:
PMC2766868
DOI:
10.1016/j.it.2009.04.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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