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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009 Aug;106(2):179-81. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2009.03.036. Epub 2009 Jun 18.

Migration and women's health.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Ghana Medical School, Accra, Ghana.


Women have been migrating at similar rates to men for the past 40 years, and comprised about half of all migrants in 2005. Women and children are most affected by displacement as a result of wars and human trafficking. In some cases, the health of female migrants is improved via integration into better health systems in the host country. More often, however, the health of female migrants is affected negatively. Women are doubly disadvantaged because they are discriminated against as women and as migrants. Female migrants are also highly vulnerable to acts of sexual abuse, rape, and violence. This is especially true for women in refugee camps, whose reproductive health needs are often overlooked. To improve the health of female migrants it is important to develop and implement policies that recognize and insist on the respect of the rights of migrants.

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