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Crit Rev Immunol. 2009;29(3):187-201.

The role of OX40-mediated co-stimulation in T-cell activation and survival.

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Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Robert W. Franz Cancer Research Center, Providence Portland Medical Center, 4805 NE Glisan St., No. 5F37, Portland, OR 97213, USA.


The extent of T-cell activation, proliferation, and survival that follows T-cell receptor (TCR) ligation is controlled by several factors, including the strength of TCR stimulation, the availability of prosurvival cytokines, and the presence or absence of co-stimulatory signals. In addition to engagement of the CD28 co-stimulatory receptor by its natural ligands, B7.1 (CD80) and B7.2 (CD86), recent work has begun to elucidate the mechanisms by which signaling through the OX40 (CD134) co-stimulatory receptor, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily, affects T-cell responses. Importantly, OX40 ligation has been shown to augment CD4 and CD8 T-cell clonal expansion, effector differentiation, survival, and in some cases, abrogate the suppressive activity of regulatory FoxP3+CD25+CD4+ T cells. In this review, we focus on the mechanisms regulating OX40 expression on activated T cells as well as the role of OX40-mediated co-stimulation in boosting T-cell clonal expansion, effector differentiation, and survival.

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