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Cancer Biother Radiopharm. 2009 Jun;24(3):353-5. doi: 10.1089/cbr.2008.0570.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia: long-lasting remission with combination of cyclophosphamide, somatostatin, bromocriptine, retinoids, melatonin, and ACTH.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Assistance Continuity, Asur Marche ZT 11, Grottamaƕe, Italy. maurotodisco@fastwebnet.it

Abstract

The usual, initial therapy of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) involves alkylating agents, corticosteroids, purine analogs, and monoclonal antibodies. The combination of these agents may lead to high complete and overall response rates, but all patients inevitably relapse, and median progression-free survival varies between 16 and 48 months. Further, these treatments present the risk of myelosuppression and infection, so that some of the combination regimens require antibiotic, antiviral, and antimycotic prophylaxis during and after their administration. We treated 4 patients with previously untreated progressive stage I Rai CCL, with a combination of cyclophosphamide, somatostatin, bromocriptine, retinoids, melatonin, and ACTH. All the patients had partial remission after 2 months and continued treatment, which was gradually reduced if lymphocyte count fell below 4000/microL. No patients had disease recurrence, and progression-free survival has not yet been reached (125, 121, 73, and 21 months, respectively). Toxicity was absent, and patients underwent the treatment at home, while carrying out their normal activities.

PMID:
19538058
DOI:
10.1089/cbr.2008.0570
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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