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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1991 Nov 14;180(3):1241-50.

The human ASM (adult skeletal muscle) gene: expression and chromosomal assignment to 11p15.

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Laboratoire de Cytogénétique et de Génétique Oncologiques, UA 1158 CNRS, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France.


A rat adult skeletal muscle probe (Asm15) originated from a rhabdomyosarcoma was used to isolate the human homologous sequence from a placenta cDNA library. Among several positive clones the longest EcoRI-EcoRI insert (ASM1) obtained was 1875 bp long with 72% homology with rat Asm15 cDNA sequence. Important variations of ASM1 RNA level were observed in different adult skeletal muscles. Expression of a 29kD ASM1 protein was demonstrated in human adult skeletal muscle lysates using an antiserum (PB1579) raised against the C terminal region of the rat Asm15 protein. The human ASM gene was assigned by somatic cell analysis with human (ASM1) and rat (Asm15) probes to chromosome 11, and by in situ hybridization with the human probe to 11p15, a chromosome region involved in human embryonal rhabdomyosarcomas. Except for the presence of a HindII restriction site, the results obtained for the restriction map and the sequence of ASM1 cDNA (data not shown) exhibited extensive homology with the human H19 DNA sequence which have been mapped with a mouse probe also in 11p15. This suggests that ASM/Asm and H19 may represent the same sequence (in this hypothesis the presence of the supplementary HindII site in our ASM1 probe is explained by polymorphic variability). However it was reported that human and mouse H19 mRNA did not encode for a protein but acted as an RNA molecule whereas in our present study ASM protein was detected in human adult skeletal muscle. This could be explained by important regulation of ASM protein expression during development and cell differentiation. However we cannot exclude for the different species studied (mouse, rat, and man) the hypothesis that H19 and ASM/Asm mRNA may represent two distinct messengers from the same gene or even from duplicated genes.

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